“With the margin being so close, it will require a full by hand recount in each county,” Secretary of State Brad Raffensperger, a Republican, said at a news conference in Atlanta. “This will help build confidence.”
“It will be an audit, a recount and a recanvas all at once,” he added.
Raffensperger’s announcement comes as he has faced pressure from President Donald Trump’s campaign for a recount, calls from fellow Georgia Republicans to resign and accusations of mismanaging the election process.
CNN has not projected a winner in the Georgia presidential race, but Biden currently leads Trump by more than 14,000 votes in the state — a lead that Raffensperger previously said is “unlikely” to be overtaken in a recount.
CNN has projected that Biden will win the presidential election. Trump has not conceded in the race, and instead has made unfounded claims about widespread voter fraud and mail-in ballots.
Collins and the Trump campaign on Wednesday celebrated the recount decision from the Georgia secretary of state as a victory for “integrity” and “transparency.”
“This is an important first step in the process to ensure that the election was fair and that every legal vote was counted,” Trump campaign communications director Tim Murtaugh said in a call with reporters.
During Wednesday’s press conference, Raffensperger denied that the Trump campaign influenced the state’s decision.
“We’re doing this because it’s really what makes the most sense,” he said. “With the national significance of this race, and the closeness of this race, we have to run a statewide audit.”
Raffensperger said he expects the recount to be done in time for Georgia’s certification of the presidential results, which has a November 20 deadline. The Trump campaign is trying to delay certification in some key states as part of a longshot attempt to overturn the results through the Electoral College.
Raffensperger said he hopes to start the recount before the week ends. So far, 97 of Georgia’s 159 counties have already certified their results, but all of the county certifications are still required by Friday, he said.
He said he would officially designate the presidential race as the subject of the risk limiting audit later Wednesday.
Raffensperger said once the results are certified on November 20, a candidate within the 0.5% margin will still be able to request a “recount,” but that it would be a “scanned recount” done by machines.
He acknowledged that the audit would be expensive and “a heavy lift” and that election workers will be working overtime.
Typically, risk limiting audits like these only examine a small sample of the votes, but Raffensperger cited the narrow margin as the reason officials will re-check every ballot cast in the presidential race.
This story has been updated with additional details.
CNN’s Maegan Vasquez, Jason Morris, Tina Burnside and Marshall Cohen contributed to this report.